In the 1770s, Czarina Catherine the Great, a German princess, invited Germans to colonize the Ukraine in southern Russia. Mennonites were among the Germans who accepted this invitation.
In the 1870s, the privileges these Germans living in Russia had enjoyed were being revoked. Many German communities in Russia, including the groups that settled in Freeman, then began to emigrate to America.
Mennonites and Hutterites are Protestant Christians who:
The Hutterites differ from Mennonites in that they live communally. Today, there are over 450 Hutterite Colonies in the United States and Canada.
Anabaptists retreated to rural areas and developed a strong communal and agrarian heritage. Because of this, they were often invited by European nobility to work their lands, despite their odd and radical beliefs.
So began the migrations of these Anabaptist communities throughout Europe and eventually here to North America.
There are three distinct ethnic communities of Mennonites around Freeman:
The Mennonite Church and the Hutterian Brethren were both products of the 16th century Anabaptist movement in Switzerland and the Netherlands.
This reform movement was part of the Protestant Reformation that also birthed the Lutheran, Reformed, and Anglican traditions. Because of their beliefs, the Anabaptists came under severe persecution that lasted until the middle of the 17th century.
Much of the Museum and Archives tells the history of the Mennonite and Hutterite denominations. So who are the Mennonites and Hutterites and what do they believe?
May 1 through September 30
Heritage Hall Museum & Archives has over 20,000 items on display.
The Heritage Hall Museum is dedicated to the preservation of rare artifacts used by our ancestors on the way to our standard of living today. It is our desire to leave a wealth of information for our children's children to understand and learn about and from their ancestors.
Heritage Hall Museum welcomes you as an individual or a larger group. School and tour groups are highly encouraged to visit as our staff offers you a one-of-a-kind guide through the museum.